The South African Poultry Association (SAPA) was established in 1904 in Kimberley, mainly as a body of poultry “fanciers” to co-ordinate and promote show holding and later to stage egg laying tests, and to provide an instrument to voice the feelings of the industry. Historically, poultry was very much part of the South African scene. Thousands of people kept poultry, and it was seen as backyard industry. Of the largest units kept between two and four thousand birds under extensive conditions. Therefore, poultry clubs consisted of people from all walks of life who considered poultry also as a hobby. A number of poultry clubs were in existence, arranging competitions and shows. The main functions of the South African Poultry Association would thus be composing and formulating show rules and regulating the appointment of judges.